Cat breeds with long hair

Discover the Elegance of Long-Haired Cat Breeds

Did you know that there are over 100 cat breeds with long hair? From domestic favorites to exotic rarities, long-haired cat breeds captivate us with their stunning beauty and luxurious fur. Whether you’re a fan of the fluffy Persian or the playful Maine Coon, these feline beauties are sure to leave you mesmerized. In this article, we will delve into the top 10 long-haired cat breeds and explore their unique characteristics, personalities, and why they are popular choices among cat lovers.

Key Takeaways:

  • There are over 100 cat breeds with long hair, each with its own distinct features and traits.
  • Long-haired cat breeds, such as the Persian and Maine Coon, are loved for their elegant appearance and soft, plush fur.
  • Some long-haired cat breeds, like the Siberian and Birman, are considered hypoallergenic, making them a great choice for individuals with allergies.
  • Long-haired cats require regular grooming to keep their fur in top condition and prevent matting.
  • Long-haired cat breeds, like the Somali and Turkish Angora, are known for their intelligence, playfulness, and affectionate nature.


The Somali is a stunning long-haired cat breed that captivates with its fox-like appearance. This exquisite cat is actually the long-haired version of the Abyssinian breed, and it is known for its medium to long fur and a strong, muscular body.

Somalis are highly intelligent cats that love to engage in play, making them a joy to have as companions. They are naturally curious and playful, always looking for new adventures and activities to keep themselves entertained. Their playful nature makes them great companions for families and children.

In addition to being playful, Somalis are also affectionate cats that form strong bonds with their humans. They enjoy being in their company, receiving attention, and participating in interactive play and cuddle sessions. However, Somalis don’t like being left alone for extended periods and prefer having a play buddy or the company of their human.

As medium to large-sized cats, Somalis possess a graceful and agile presence. Their long and flowing fur gives them an elegant appearance, making them a standout breed. Their beautiful coat requires regular grooming to keep it tangle-free and to maintain its natural shine and luster.

If you’re looking for an intelligent, playful, and affectionate long-haired cat breed, the Somali could be the perfect choice for you.

Somali cat

Key Characteristics of the Somali Cat:

  • Long-haired Abyssinian breed
  • Intelligent and playful nature
  • Medium to large-sized cat


The Siberian cat is a medium to large-sized cat breed originally from Russia. It is known for its thick and dense coat, which requires regular brushing to prevent matting. The Siberian cat’s fur is designed to withstand harsh winter climates, making it ideal for colder regions.

One of the notable characteristics of the Siberian cat is its affectionate nature. These feline companions are known for their loving and playful disposition, making them a delight to have in the home.

What sets the Siberian cat apart is its hypoallergenic qualities. Despite its long and abundant coat, many people with allergies find that they can tolerate being around Siberian cats. These cats produce lower levels of allergenic proteins compared to other breeds, making them suitable for individuals with sensitivities.

Characteristics of the Siberian Cat Breed:

  • Affectionate and playful
  • Thick and dense coat
  • Hypoallergenic
  • Medium to large-sized

Siberian cat

Characteristic Description
Affectionate The Siberian cat is known for its loving and affectionate nature. They form strong bonds with their owners and enjoy spending time with them.
Playful Siberians are energetic and enjoy interactive play. They appreciate toys and activities that challenge their intelligence.
Thick and Dense Coat The Siberian cat has a double-layered coat that is thick and dense. It provides insulation in colder climates and requires regular grooming to prevent matting.
Hypoallergenic The Siberian cat is considered hypoallergenic for many individuals with allergies. They produce lower levels of allergenic proteins, making them a suitable choice for those who are sensitive.
Medium to Large-sized Siberians are medium to large-sized cats, with males generally being larger than females. They have a robust and muscular build.


The Birman cat, also known as the Sacred Cat of Burma, is a captivating long-haired breed that will steal your heart with its enchanting appearance and gentle demeanor. With its medium-sized frame and medium-long, silky coat, the Birman exudes elegance and grace.

Originating from Burma (now Myanmar), Birmans have a rich history and are revered as sacred companions. Legend has it that they were the temple cats of Burmese priests, with their striking blue eyes believed to be a gift from the gods.

But it’s not just their appearance that makes Birmans special. These docile felines are known for their affectionate nature and make wonderful companions, particularly for families with children. They have a calm and gentle disposition, making them an ideal choice for those seeking a peaceful and loving addition to their household.

Birman cat

Distinctive Features of Birman Cats

  • Coat: The Birman’s coat is medium-long, silky, and doesn’t mat easily, making grooming a breeze. Their fur is primarily cream or fawn in color, with darker points on their ears, face, legs, and tail. The striking contrast between the light body and darker points gives Birmans an alluring and regal appearance.
  • Physical Appearance: Birmans have medium-sized bodies, with males typically weighing between 8-12 pounds (3.6-5.4 kg) and females weighing slightly less. Their overall build is sturdy and well-muscled, enhancing their graceful movement.
  • Eye Color: One of the most captivating features of Birmans is their mesmerizing blue eyes. These piercing sapphire orbs perfectly complement their color-pointed coats, drawing you in with their beauty.

Temperament and Personality

When it comes to personality, Birmans are known for their calm and quiet nature. They are not overly demanding or vocal, but they will appreciate attention, affection, and cuddles from their human companions. Birmans are also quite intelligent and adaptable, making them quick learners when it comes to tricks or adjusting to new environments.

While Birmans enjoy a peaceful and serene environment, they are not completely aloof. They will gladly join in on family activities and get along well with other pets, making them a wonderful addition to multi-pet households.

Key Characteristics Description
Temperament Gentle, calm, affectionate
Activity Level Moderate
Compatibility Good with children and other pets
Grooming Minimal shedding, brushing twice a week
Lifespan 12-16 years

Overall, the Birman cat’s irresistible combination of stunning beauty, quiet charm, and friendly nature makes it a beloved choice for cat enthusiasts worldwide. Whether they are perched gracefully on your lap or playfully pouncing on their favorite toys, Birmans are sure to bring joy and warmth to any home.


The Persian cat is renowned for its elegance and beauty. As one of the oldest and most popular long-haired cat breeds, Persians have been captivating cat lovers for centuries.

The Persian’s luxurious and silky coat is its crowning glory, giving it an elegant appearance that is hard to resist. Their luscious fur requires regular grooming to keep it free from tangles and mats. Brushing their coat daily is essential to maintain its health and beauty.

Despite their regal appearance, Persians have a quiet and docile nature. They prefer a calm and peaceful environment, making them an excellent choice for those looking for a quiet companion. Their gentle demeanor makes them ideal for laid-back households and individuals who appreciate a serene presence.

The Persian is a medium-sized cat, known for its rounded features and adorable face. Their expressive eyes and sweet expressions further enhance their allure. Persian cats thrive when kept indoors, as they are not particularly inclined towards vigorous physical activities.

If you are considering adding a Persian cat to your family, be prepared for their grooming needs and the commitment it requires. However, the rewards of having a beautiful and elegant Persian companion by your side are well worth the effort.

Persian cat

Grooming Needs for Persian Cats:

  • Regular brushing to prevent matting and tangles in their long coat
  • Occasional bathing to keep their fur clean and soft
  • Keeping their eyes and ears clean to prevent infections
  • Trimming their nails regularly to maintain their hygiene
  • Monitor dental health and provide regular dental care, as Persians are prone to dental issues

By providing the necessary grooming and care, you can ensure that your Persian cat remains healthy, happy, and looking magnificent.

Norwegian Forest

The Norwegian Forest Cat, also known as the Wegie, is a large and friendly long-haired cat breed. With their striking looks and captivating personalities, Norwegian Forest Cats have become beloved companions to many cat lovers.

One of the distinguishing features of the Norwegian Forest Cat is their size. These majestic felines are considered large cats, often weighing between 12 to 16 pounds. Their impressive stature, coupled with their long and bushy tails, give them a regal appearance.

Not only are Norwegian Forest Cats large, but they are also known for their friendly and sociable nature. They have a calm and gentle temperament, making them great companions for families and individuals alike. This breed is renowned for its ability to get along well with children and other pets, making them a popular choice for households with multiple animals.

The Norwegian Forest Cat is an outdoor-loving cat. Their ancestors originated in the forested regions of northern Europe, and as a result, they have a natural affinity for exploring the great outdoors. These cats love to climb trees and are skilled hunters, showcasing their agility and intelligence.

One of the notable characteristics of the Norwegian Forest Cat is their medium to large-sized body covered in a thick and water-resistant double coat. This dense fur helps protect them from the cold and wet conditions of their natural habitat. Regular grooming is essential to keep their coat in optimal condition and prevent matting.

Overall, the Norwegian Forest Cat is a fascinating breed that combines the beauty of a long-haired cat with the friendly and playful nature of a companion. If you are looking for a large, friendly, and outdoor-loving cat, the Norwegian Forest Cat may be the perfect fit for you.

Key Features of the Norwegian Forest Cat:

  • Large size and regal appearance
  • Friendly and sociable temperament
  • Love for the outdoors and climbing trees
  • Medium to large-sized body with a thick and water-resistant double coat

Norwegian Forest cat

Maine Coon

The Maine Coon is the largest domestic cat breed, known for its impressive size and majestic appearance. These gentle giants have a long, shaggy coat that helps protect them from harsh weather conditions.

Maine Coon cats are renowned for their friendly and loyal nature. They form strong bonds with their human family members and enjoy being a part of the household activities. Despite their large size, they are gentle and sociable, making them excellent companions for both children and other pets.

One of the fascinating aspects of Maine Coons is their exceptional hunting skills. Originating from Maine, where they were initially used as barn cats, they have retained their excellent hunting instincts. Maine Coons are natural-born hunters and actively engage in stalking and chasing prey.

Let’s take a closer look at the key characteristics of the Maine Coon:

Characteristic Description
Size Large-sized cat breed
Coat Long and shaggy
Personality Friendly and loyal
Hunting Abilities Excellent hunter

Whether it’s their striking appearance, friendly demeanor, or impressive hunting skills, the Maine Coon is undoubtedly a remarkable breed that brings joy and companionship to many cat lovers.

Maine Coon cat

The Largest Domestic Cat Breed

The Maine Coon holds the title for being the largest domestic cat breed. Adult males can weigh between 13 to 18 pounds, while females typically range from 8 to 12 pounds. Their size is attributed to their semi-wild ancestry and acclimatization to the harsh climate of Maine.

Due to their large size, Maine Coons have strong and muscular bodies, giving them an impressive presence. However, their gentle and friendly nature makes them approachable and sociable companions.

Selkirk Rex

The Selkirk Rex is a medium to large-sized cat breed known for its unique and curly-haired coat. These charming felines have a patient and friendly personality, making them a wonderful choice for families and individuals alike. Selkirk Rex cats require regular grooming to prevent matting and keep their curls in top condition.

With their curly fur, Selkirk Rex cats stand out among other long-haired breeds. Their coat is soft and plush, providing a delightful tactile experience when petting them. This curly-haired cat breed comes in a variety of colors and patterns, adding to their visual appeal.

Just like their curly fur, Selkirk Rex cats have a one-of-a-kind temperament. They are known for their patient and easygoing nature, making them well-suited for households with children and other pets. These cats enjoy the company of their human companions and are always ready to shower them with love and affection.

While Selkirk Rex cats have a medium to large-sized body, they are gentle and calm in their movements. Their relaxed and patient demeanor adds to their overall charm, making them a delightful addition to any home. These cats are also known for their intelligence, making them quick learners and adaptable to various situations.

Whether you are looking for a cat with a unique appearance or a patient and friendly companion, the Selkirk Rex is an excellent choice. Their curly hair sets them apart from other breeds, and their loving personality makes them a joy to have around.

Selkirk Rex Cat Breed Characteristics:

Size Medium to Large
Coat Curly and Soft
Temperament Patient, Friendly, and Intelligent
Colors and Patterns Varies

Caring for a Selkirk Rex involves regular grooming sessions to keep their curly coat tangle-free. Additionally, providing them with stimulating toys and playtime will help keep them mentally and physically active. With their unique appearance and delightful personality, the Selkirk Rex will surely capture your heart.

Selkirk Rex cat

British Longhair

The British Longhair is a medium to large-sized cat breed known for its soft and plush coat. This breed is highly admired for its luxurious fur, which feels incredibly smooth and silky to the touch. The British Longhair’s coat comes in a variety of colors and patterns, adding to its overall beauty and elegance.

Known for its calm and laid-back personality, the British Longhair is an ideal companion for those seeking a tranquil and sophisticated feline friend. These cats have a gentle and serene nature, making them well-suited for a peaceful and harmonious home environment.

To keep their coat in optimal condition, British Longhairs require regular brushing to prevent matting and ensure their fur remains soft and lustrous. This grooming routine is especially important during shedding seasons when their thick coat tends to shed more. By maintaining their coat’s health and appearance, British Longhairs can continue to exhibit their signature elegance and charm.

Characteristics of the British Longhair:

  • Soft and plush-like coat
  • Calming and elegant demeanor
  • Medium to large-sized cat breed
Characteristics Description
Size Medium to large
Coat Length Long and plush
Temperament Calm, laid-back, and elegant
Grooming Needs Regular brushing to prevent matting

British Longhair cat


The Ragdoll is a long-haired cat breed known for its affectionate and gentle nature. This large-sized cat has a soft and silky coat that is irresistible to touch. With their mesmerizing blue eyes and stunning appearance, Ragdolls are often described as “floppy” cats because of their tendency to go limp when held.

Ragdolls are highly affectionate and make excellent companions, especially for families with children. They are patient and loving, and their calm and docile demeanor makes them the perfect lap cat. Ragdolls enjoy being showered with love and attention, and they have a knack for forming deep bonds with their owners.

Despite their large size, Ragdolls are incredibly gentle and well-mannered. They have a laid-back personality and are known for their easygoing nature. This makes them suitable for households with other pets, as they tend to get along well with furry companions.

Ragdoll cat

Turkish Angora

The Turkish Angora is a graceful and elegant long-haired cat breed that originates from Turkey. Renowned for its intelligence and playfulness, the Turkish Angora is sure to captivate any cat lover. With their small to medium-sized frames, they possess a delicate yet agile nature.

This intelligent breed is known for its curiosity and quick wit, making them highly adaptable and trainable. Whether it’s learning new tricks or solving puzzles, the Turkish Angora will keep you entertained with its clever antics and interactive playfulness.

The Turkish Angora’s fine and silky coat requires regular grooming to maintain its luxurious appearance. Their coats come in various colors and patterns, adding to their allure and charm. Along with their affectionate nature, they form strong bonds with their favorite humans, making them delightful companions.

Comparable to the popular Pokémon Jolteon, Turkish Angoras also have a fascinating affinity for water. They enjoy playing with running water and may even dip their paws into a water bowl. This unique trait adds an extra element of fun to their already lively personality.


What are long-haired cat breeds?

Long-haired cat breeds are cats that have longer fur than other breeds, giving them a fluffy and elegant appearance.

How many long-haired cat breeds are there?

There are various long-haired cat breeds, but some of the most popular ones include the Somali, Siberian, Birman, Persian, Norwegian Forest, Maine Coon, Selkirk Rex, British Longhair, Ragdoll, and Turkish Angora.

Are long-haired cats hypoallergenic?

Some long-haired cat breeds, such as the Siberian, are considered hypoallergenic. However, it’s important to note that no cat breed is completely hypoallergenic, as allergies can vary from person to person.

How often do long-haired cats need grooming?

Long-haired cats require regular grooming to keep their fur looking beautiful and healthy. This usually involves daily brushing to prevent matting and the occasional bath to keep their coats clean.

Are long-haired cats good with children?

Many long-haired cat breeds are known for being gentle and good with children. Ragdolls, Birmans, and Maine Coons, for example, are often recommended as family pets because of their docile and loving nature.

Do long-haired cats shed a lot?

Yes, long-haired cats tend to shed more than short-haired breeds. Regular brushing can help reduce shedding and prevent fur from ending up all over your home.

Can long-haired cats live outdoors?

While some long-haired cat breeds, like the Norwegian Forest and the Maine Coon, have a natural inclination for outdoor activities, it’s generally recommended to keep them indoors to protect them from potential dangers and ensure their safety.

Which long-haired cat breeds are known for their intelligence?

Several long-haired cat breeds are known for their intelligence. The Somali and Turkish Angora, for example, are considered highly intelligent and can quickly learn new tricks and commands.

Are there any long-haired cat breeds that don’t require much exercise?

Long-haired cat breeds, in general, don’t require excessive exercise, but some breeds, like the British Longhair and the Persian, tend to have a more laid-back personality and are content with a relaxed indoor lifestyle.

What is the temperament of long-haired cats?

The temperament of long-haired cats varies from breed to breed. Some long-haired cats, like the Somali and Siberian, are playful and active, while others, like the Persian and Ragdoll, tend to be more calm and gentle.

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